Christophe Guilluy: ‘The gilets jaunes are unstoppable’, spiked-online 11.01.2019

Dear all,

below some extracts of Christophe Guillluy’s interview with Fraser Myers on the cultural divide driving the yellow vests.

“ … Back in 2014, geographer Christopher Guilluy’s study of la France périphérique (peripheral France) caused a media sensation. It drew attention to the economic, cultural and political exclusion of the working classes, most of whom now live outside the major cities. It highlighted the conditions that would later give rise to the yellow-vest phenomenon. Guilluy has developed on these themes in his recent books, No Society and The Twilight of the Elite: Prosperity, the Periphery and the Future of France

spiked: What exactly do you mean by ‘peripheral France’?

Christophe Guilluy: ‘Peripheral France’ is about the geographic distribution of the working classes across France. Fifteen years ago, I noticed that the majority of working-class people actually live very far away from the major globalised cities – far from Paris, Lyon and Toulouse, and also very far from London and New York.

Technically, our globalised economic model performs well. It produces a lot of wealth. But it doesn’t need the majority of the population to function. It has no real need for the manual workers, labourers and even small-business owners outside of the big cities. Paris creates enough wealth for the whole of France, and London does the same in Britain. But you cannot build a society around this. The gilets jaunes is a revolt of the working classes who live in these places.

They tend to be people in work, but who don’t earn very much, between 1000€ and 2000€ per month. Some of them are very poor if they are unemployed. Others were once middle-class. What they all have in common is that they live in areas where there is hardly any work left. They know that even if they have a job today, they could lose it tomorrow and they won’t find anything else.

spiked: What is the role of culture in the yellow-vest movement?

Guilluy: Not only does peripheral France fare badly in the modern economy, it is also culturally misunderstood by the elite. The yellow-vest movement is a truly 21st-century movement in that it is cultural as well as political. Cultural validation is extremely important in our era.

One illustration of this cultural divide is that most modern, progressive social movements and protests are quickly endorsed by celebrities, actors, the media and the intellectuals. But none of them approve of the gilets jaunes. Their emergence has caused a kind of psychological shock to the cultural establishment. It is exactly the same shock that the British elites experienced with the Brexit vote and that they are still experiencing now, three years later.

The Brexit vote had a lot to do with culture, too, I think. It was more than just the question of leaving the EU. Many voters wanted to remind the political class that they exist. That’s what French people are using the gilets jaunes for – to say we exist. We are seeing the same phenomenon in populist revolts across the world.

spiked: How have the working-classes come to be excluded?

Guilluy: All the growth and dynamism is in the major cities, but people cannot just move there. The cities are inaccessible, particularly thanks to mounting housing costs. The big cities today are like medieval citadels. It is like we are going back to the city-states of the Middle Ages. Funnily enough, Paris is going to start charging people for entry, just like the excise duties you used to have to pay to enter a town in the Middle Ages.

The cities themselves have become very unequal, too. The Parisian economy needs executives and qualified professionals. It also needs workers, predominantly immigrants, for the construction industry and catering et cetera. Business relies on this very specific demographic mix. The problem is that ‘the people’ outside of this still exist. In fact, ‘Peripheral France’ actually encompasses the majority of French people.

spiked: What role has the liberal metropolitan elite played in this? (…)

spiked: How can we begin to address these demands? (…)“

– complete text attached –

Source: https://www.spiked-online.com/2019/01/11/the-gilets-jaunes-are-unstoppable/

Annotation: Début janvier 2019 plus de 250 universitaires, intellectuels et artistes disent leur solidarité avec le mouvement des Gilets jaunes, estimant que «c’est la responsabilité historique de la gauche de ne pas laisser le champ libre à l’extrême droite» Lien: https://blogs.mediapart.fr/edition/les-invites-de-mediapart/article/120119/nous-ne-serons-pas-les-chiens-de-garde-de-letat

Ce texte est une pétition ouverte, pour la signer cliquer: https://www.change.org/p/le-peuple-solidarité-des-universitaires-des-intellectuels-et-des-artistes-avec-les-gilets-jaunes

GUILLUY-Chr.-The-gilets-jaunes-are-unstoppable190111.pdf

Solidarité-avec-le-mouvement-des-Gilets-jaunes190112.pdf

Wird es einen Brexit geben?

Elke Schenk
globalcrisis/globalchange news 20.11.2018
Hallo zusammen,
seit knapp einer Woche liegt der Entwurf für ein Austrittsabkommen zwischen
der EU und Großbritannien vor.  Premierministerin Teresa May hat mit Mühe die
Zustimmung des Kabinetts dazu erreicht, eine Reihe von Ministern sind
zurückgetreten. Unter den Tory-Abgeordneten gibt es Bestrebungen zu einem
Misstrauensvotum gegen May.
Um den Text beurteilen und die weitere Entwicklung abschätzen zu können, habe
ich in der Datei im Anhang die wesentlichen Inhalte des Vertragsentwurfs
zusammengetragen.

GC-Wird-es-einen-Brexit-geben-2018_11_20.pdf

BREXIT-Document: Letter Delivered From The UK To The EU Triggering Article 50 – full text, 29.03.2017

globalcrisis/globalchange NEWS
29.03.2017

29.03.2017 — www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-03-29/6-page-letter-delivered-uk-us-triggering-article-50-full-text

This Is The 6-Page Letter Delivered From The UK To The EU Triggering Article 50: Full Text

Moments ago, the UK Prime Minister’s office posted the 6-page letter that was delivered by the UK to the EU, triggering Article 50 and officially starting the 2 year Brexit process.

In the letter, Theresa May proposes “bold and ambitious” Free Trade Agreement between the United Kingdom and says the agreement should cover important sectors, including financial services and network industries. Some of the key highlights from the letter, courtesy of Bloomberg:

  • U.K. Seeks to Minimize Disruption in Brexit Talks
  • U.K. Seeks Technical Talks on Policy Details ASAP
  • U.K.’s May Wants to Avoid Return to Hard Irish Border
  • U.K. Seeks Implementation Periods to Ease Transition to Brexit
  • U.K. Seeks Free Trade Agreement That Includes Finance

A scanned version of the letter can be found here:
https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/604079/Prime_Ministers_letter_to_European_Council_President_Donald_Tusk.pdf

Transcript by zerohedge (see attachment, pdf-file)

Greets,
Martin Zeis

BREXIT-Letter-to-EU170329.pdf

Documented: Theresa MAY speech: The government’s negotiating objectives for exiting the EU

Elke Schenk

globalcrisis/globalchange NEWS

17.1.2017

complete transcript of the speech attached.

https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/the-governments-negotiating-objectives-for-exiting-the-eu-pm-speech

Prime Minister Theresa May set out the Plan for Britain, including the 12 priorities that the UK government will use to negotiate Brexit.

A little over 6 months ago, the British people voted for change.

They voted to shape a brighter future for our country.

They voted to leave the European Union and embrace the world.

And they did so with their eyes open: accepting that the road ahead will be uncertain at times, but believing that it leads towards a brighter future for their children – and their grandchildren too.

And it is the job of this government to deliver it. That means more than negotiating our new relationship with the EU. It means taking the opportunity of this great moment of national change to step back and ask ourselves what kind of country we want to be.

My answer is clear. I want this United Kingdom to emerge from this period of change stronger, fairer, more united and more outward-looking than ever before. I want us to be a secure, prosperous, tolerant country – a magnet for international talent and a home to the pioneers and innovators who will shape the world ahead. I want us to be a truly Global Britain – the best friend and neighbour to our European partners, but a country that reaches beyond the borders of Europe too. A country that goes out into the world to build relationships with old friends and new allies alike.

I want Britain to be what we have the potential, talent and ambition to be. A great, global trading nation that is respected around the world and strong, confident and united at home.

[…]

MAY-Speech-Brexit-Negotiation-Plan-2017_01_17.pdf

Serge HALIMI: Why Britain Walked Out: Brexit Can’t be Written Off to Populism and Xenophobia; Counterpunch / Le Monde diplomatique 06.07.2016

globalcrisis/globalchange NEWS
Martin Zeis, 06.07.2016

We continue the debate on the BREXIT with an article by Serge HALIMI, president of Le Monde diplomatique. — Full text is attached.

06.07.2016

http://www.counterpunch.org/2016/07/06/why-britain-walked-out-why-brexit-cant-be-written-off-to-populism-and-xenophobia/

This article appears in the excellent Le Monde Diplomatique, whose English language edition can be found at mondediplo.com. This full text appears by agreement with Le Monde Diplomatique.

Why Britain Walked Out: Brexit Can’t be Written Off to Populism and Xenophobia
by SERGE HALIMI — Serge Halimi is president of Le Monde diplomatique —

Donald Tusk, president of the European Council, must regret having compared a UK Leave vote to ‘the beginning of the destruction of not only the EU but also western political civilisation in its entirety’ (1). Nevertheless, the thunderclap of the Brexit victory resounds across Europe.

This time it will be difficult to ignore universal suffrage and ask a political class disowned by the result of the 23 June referendum to patch up an arrangement the people have rejected. No one imagines that the UK will be subjected to a democratic denial as flagrant as those perpetrated in France and the Netherlands after their no votes on the European constitution in May and June 2005. It is also unlikely that the British will be treated with as much contempt as the Greeks who, in response to their pleas for the EU to change course, were financially asphyxiated and socially purged, with disastrous economic consequences.

De Gaulle opposed the UK joining the European Economic Community in 1967 because he did not want ‘the creation of a free trade area in western Europe, in preparation for one covering the Atlantic area, which would rob our continent of its unique character.’ To blame the British government alone for this loss of identity would be unfair, however, when it had so many willing accomplices in Berlin, Paris, Rome and Madrid; so many that it’s hard to see what ‘unique character’ or specificity the EU still defends. It is also telling that, in an effort to stop the UK from leaving, the EU hadreadily agreed to measures that would have suspended welfare benefit payments for workers from other EU countries and strengthened legal protection for the UK’s financial sector.

The EU, brainchild of an intellectual elite, born in a world divided by war, missed one of history’s great choices, or opportunities, to take another route 25 years ago. The collapse of the Soviet Union was a chance for Europe to rebuild a project that could have satisfied its peoples’ aspirations for social justice and peace. If it had had the courage to demolish and rebuild the EU bureaucratic structures surreptitiously erected alongside its states, and remove free trade as the engine of the machine, it could have opposed the triumphal progress of global competition with a model based on regional cooperation, social protection and top-down integration of the peoples of the former eastern bloc.

But instead of a community, it built a market. (…)

HALIMI-Why-Britain-walked-out-LMD160706

— emphasis, m.z. —

Brexit – Material zur Wahlanalyse Schwerpunkt: Abstimmungsverhalten der Arbeiter / Unterschicht

Guten Abend zusammen,

die Analyse des Abstimmungsverhaltens in Großbritannien zeigt eine soziale Spaltung. Die oberen Einkommensschichten votierten eher für „Remain“, die unteren für „Leave“. Die vorschnelle Erklärung dafür lautet, die Unterschichten seien fremdenfeindlich, rassistisch, nationalistisch eingestellt und seien eben zu schlecht gebildet, um die Vorteile der EU zu erkennen. Es sei eine Stammtisch-Abstimmung gewesen. Diese Diffamierung der unteren Klassen erinnert an das dunkle 19. Jahrhundert des Manchester-Kapitalismus, in dem die Arbeiter nicht nur unwürdigen Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen ausgesetzt waren, sondern dafür auch noch moralisierend belehrt oder verhöhnt wurden.

Um das Wahlverhalten der Arbeiter / Prekarisierten / Unterschichten zu verstehen, habe ich ein Dossier zusammengestellt. Es enthält eine Karte Großbritanniens mit der regionalen Verteilung der Remain- bzw. Leave-Stimmen und eine damit weitgehend korrespondierende Karte zu den Löhnen. Darüber hinaus gibt es verschiedene Texte, deutschsprachige und einen englischsprachigen, die die Ursachen des Wahlverhaltens aus der britischen und EU-Politik erklären können. Alle Materialien sind jeweils auf maximal eine Seite begrenzt, so dass sie auch für Unterrichtszwecke eingesetzt werden können. Da die dem Brexit-Votum der Unterklassen zugrunde liegenden Erfahrungen auch in anderen Ländern verbreitet sind, können die vorliegenden Analysen teilweise auch auf Frankreich, die Niederlande oder Deutschland übertragen werden, um rechtspopulistisches Wahlverhalten oder Bewegungen zu erklären.

Martin Beglinger fasst in seinem Kommentar in der Neuen Zürcher Zeitung das Vortum folgendermaßen zusammen:

„Der Brexit war eine demokratische Rebellion, vielleicht gar eine Art demokratische Notwehr der Vergessenen“ (Martin Beglinger NZZ, 30.6.2016).

Viele Grüße

Elke Schenk

globalcrisis/globalchange NEWS

Brexit-Wahlanalyse-Dossier-Arbeiter-Unterschicht-Ursachen-ES-2016_07_03.pdf

Michael HUDSON: The Silence of the Left: Brexit, Euro-Austerity and the T-TIP; Counterpunch, July 1, 2016

globalcrisis/globalchange NEWS
Martin Zeis, 29.06.2016

We continue the debate on BREXIT with Michael Hudson’s piece „The Silence of the Left: Brexit, Euro-Austerity and the T-TIP“ (see: www.counterpunch.org/2016/07/01/the-silence-of-the-left-brexit-euro-austerity-and-the-ttip )

Key Points:

– Every party that identified with the left in the Progressive Era – the Labour and Socialists parties of Europe, and the progressive Democrats in the United States – have now moved to the neoliberal right as it has become part of “the establishment.” It is as if left and right parties have switched positions politically.

– Europe’s political system offers a way out: New parties can be formed to replace the old, and parliamentary representation reflects approximately the public vote. That is what enabled Italy’s Five Star movement, Spain’s Podemos and even Greece’s Syriza to organize and win parliamentary seats. Their program is to restore a left-wing, pro-labor government regulating the economy to raise wages and living standards, not siphon off income to pay the financial centers and the One Percent.

– The EU is non-reformable under the Lisbon and Maastricht treaties. Therefore it is necessary to break up the eurozone to rebuild a pro-labor Europe.

HUDSON-Brexit, Euro-Austerity-T-TIP160701.pdf